Author Topic: Battle of Barrosa/Chiclana 1811  (Read 3172 times)

rpardo

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Battle of Barrosa/Chiclana 1811
« on: March 19, 2012, 03:59:01 PM »
Barrosa (Chiclana), March 5, 1811
Cádiz had been invested by the French in January 1810 by a 25,000-strong French army commanded by Victor, but in March of 1811 a reduction in the besieging army gave its Anglo-Spanish garrison an opportunity to lift the siege. Their plan was to ship an expeditionary force 100 km south along the coast from Cádiz so as to launch an attack against Victor from inland.
The force comprised 4,000 British under Graham, 8,000 men of two Spanish divisions led by Lardizabal and the Prince of Anglona, four squadrons of cavalry under Col. Samuel Ford Whittingham - an English officer serving with the Spanish army - 1,000 infantry from Gibraltar and 1,600 Spaniards from an irregular force led by Beguines. The overall command was given to Lapeña, the senior officer at Cádiz. After several chaotic night marches, Lapeña diverted from his original intention and decided to march by the coast road towards Cádiz. Victor prepared a trap in the plain between the town of Chiclana and Barrosa Hill (known now as the Loma de Sancti-Petri). Using one division under Villatte to block the road into Cádiz, Victor kept two divisions under Leval and Ruffin out-of-sight in readiness to make a surprise flank attack that fell on the single Anglo-Portuguese rearguard division under the command of Sir Thomas Graham.
 Following a fierce battle on two fronts, the British succeeded in routing the attacking French forces. Although some Spanish units also participated in the fight, Lapeña does not support his ally and thus prevented a smashing French defeat. The French were able to regroup and reoccupy their siege lines so the Graham's tactical victory proved to have little strategic effect and the siege remained until finally being lifted on 24 August 1812.
Bibliography
- Lipscombe Nick (2010), 'The Peninsular War Atlas', Osprey
- Fortescue, J.W (1917) 'A History of the British Army', Volume 8
- López Fernández, JA'Chiclana 1811. La defensa de Cádiz' Guerreros y Batallas nº 65, Almena Editorial
- Martínez Valverde, Carlos (1961) 'El movimiento envolvente contra la línea francesa frente a Cádiz en 1811 y la batalla de Chiclana', Revista de Historia Militar nº 8, pp 65-112
http://www.portalcultura.mde.es/Galerias/revistas/ficheros/RHM_008.pdf
 - Napier, W.F.P. (1833) 'History of the war in the Peninsula and in the south of France, from the year 1807 to the year 1814', Volume 3 http://books.google.com/books?id=T5JjAAAAMAAJ
 - Oman, Charles (1911), 'A History of the Peninsular War: Volume IV', Greenhill Books 2004
 - Queipo de Llano y Ruiz de Saravia, José María, Conde de Toreno (1835), 'Historia del levantamiento, guerra y revolucion de España, Volumen 4 http://books.google.com/books?id=PiP1VM8G5eIC
 - Sañudo, J.J. 'Base de Datos sobre las Unidades Militares en la Guerra de la Independencia', Ministerio de defensa, Madrid, 2007

rpardo

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Re: Battle of Barrosa/Chiclana 1811
« Reply #1 on: March 19, 2012, 04:00:13 PM »
The battle re-fighting finished with a decisive Allied victory. The main difference with the real thing was the prominent role played by the Spanish units.
 The A.A.R. and the pictures are in the main web-site
http://www.rafaelpardoalmudi.com/LSbarrosa_1.html
Best regards
Rafa

straylight

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Re: Battle of Barrosa/Chiclana 1811
« Reply #2 on: July 29, 2013, 01:00:38 AM »
what a cracking scenario rafa, many thanks for posting it up and the excellent battle report in pictures you provided.  I'm working towards getting enough units together to fight this as well, and maybe, just maybe, I'll fight it in the Barossa Valley in South Australia.  :D

great stuff and thanks

stu